Wrist arthritis is one of the most annoying conditions for anyone. It could result in persisting pain while making the person unable to perform even simple daily tasks. It is seen that pain due to wrist arthritis sometimes is too bad that it becomes unbearable. In such conditions, wrist fusion surgery (wrist arthrodesis) is known to be the best treatment procedure.
In this post, we will discuss some facts about wrist fusion surgery along with the conditions for which it is preferred. Before we move ahead, let us have a brief look at what wrist fusion surgery is.
What is Wrist Fusion Surgery?
Wrist fusion surgery is a treatment procedure in which bones of the hand and forearm are fused together to provide permanent relief from the pain. This surgery is also known to reduce swelling around the wrist joint.
If we talk about specific bones that are fused during wrist arthrodesis then they include carpals, metacarpals, and radius. One thing that needs to be noticed with this procedure is that after surgery, the motions around the hand become limited. For example, wrist fusion surgery will prevent bending of the wrist while the patient will be able to twist the wrist without any issues.
What Happens in Wrist Fusion Surgery?
Local anesthesia is given to the patient before starting the surgical procedure. In wrist arthrodesis, a bone graft is applied for the fusion of hand and forearm bones. The graft is generally taken from the hip or pelvis, while in certain cases, it can also be taken from a donor. Now, to hold all the bone fragments in place, Orthopedic Bone Screws and Orthopedic Bone Plates are used. These implants fix bone fragments in the correct anatomical position thus, proper healing is seen.
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Why Wrist Fusion Surgery is Important?
In certain cases, other treatment procedures fail to deliver the expected results and patients do not find any other option than surgery. In most cases, wrist arthrodesis is known to provide permanent relief from the pain. While there are also certain complications associated with this surgery and we will discuss that in the next section.
What are the Complications with Wrist Fusion Surgery?
There are nerves & vessels passing through the wrist and sometimes they become prone to damage during wrist arthrodesis. In fact, we must say that there are high chances of damage to the nerves & vessels during wrist arthrodesis.
Besides all this, there are also other complications associated with the condition. There might be the chance of nonunion after wrist fusion surgery. This is because sometimes the bone may not fuse as expected and that will result in nonunion. While on the other hand, minimal chances of infection are also associated with the surgery. In severe cases, a special treatment procedure may be required to treat the infection.
In the case of the use of Orthopedic Implants, sometimes tendon irritation may be seen but it can be treated with medication and physical therapy.
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