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What is the latest treatment update of coronavirus?

The National Taskforce for COVID-19 recommends the use of hydroxychloroquine for prophylaxis of SARS-CoV-2 infection for selected individuals:
All asymptomatic healthcare workers involved in containment and treatment of COVID -19 and asymptomatic healthcare workers working in non-COVID hospitals/non-COVID areas of COVID hospitals/blocks [400 mg twice a day on Day 1, followed by 400 mg once weekly for next 7 weeks; to be taken with meals]
Asymptomatic household contacts of laboratory confirmed cases [400 mg twice a day on Day 1, followed by 400 mg once weekly for next 3 weeks: to be taken with meals]
The drug is contraindicated in persons with known case of:
  • Retinopathy
  • Hypersensitivity to HCQ or 4-aminoquinoline compounds
  • G6PD deficiency
  • Pre-existing cardiomyopathy and cardiac rhythm disorders
The drug is not recommended for prophylaxis in children below 15 years of age and in pregnancy and lactation.
Anti-HIV drugs 
As per ICMR, anti-HIV drugs can be considered in COVID-19 depending on prior evidence of their efficacy against SARS and MERS coronaviruses. Anti-HIV medications, Lopinavir and Ritonavir can be utilized to treat COVID-19 patients in extreme cases. However, these can only be used in adult patients affirmed positive for COVID-19 with complications including severe respiratory pain, low circulatory strain and new beginning organ brokenness.
Home quarantine
Based on a mathematical modelling done by ICMR, it has been suggested that entry screening of travellers with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 can delay the introduction of the virus into the community by three days to three weeks.
Strictly implemented social distancing measures such as home quarantine of symptomatic patients and suspected cases will reduce the overall expected number of cases by 62% and the peak number of cases by 89%, thus flattening the curve and providing more opportunities for interventions.
  • Maintaining Hygiene
  • Social distancing by staying one meter away from any person with a cough or cold
  • Wash hands and memorize the mnemonic SUMAN K (SeedhaUltaMutthiAnghutaNakhunKalai). Wash with 70% alcohol sanitizer or soap and water.
  • Soap and water are preferable whenever available
  • Disinfect surfaces regularly
  • Use surgical masks if you have any symptoms. The general public does not need mask.
Preventive measures 
  • A patient with fever with dry cough should self-isolate whether he/she has breathlessness or not. Wear a mask, wash your hands regularly and consult your doctor over the phone.
  • No testing is required for any infected persons relatives unless they develop symptoms.
  • If you are experiencing COVID 19 symptoms:
  • Consult a doctor
  • Get tested for COVID 19 at home in a private lab or at a government hospital
  • Quarantine yourself at a private or government facility till the result of the test
  • If your sample tests positive
  • If you have a very mild or pre-symptomatic case, home isolation can be concluded after 17 days of onset of symptoms and no fever for 10 days.
  • There is no need for testing after the home isolation is over
  • Family members should go for home quarantine
  • Immediately seek medical attention if you experience difficulty in breathing; persistent pain or pressure in the chest; mental confusion or inability to arouse; develop bluish coloration of lips or face
If your sample tests negative:
  • Even if you test negative, home quarantine yourself for 14 days
  • Stay at home, wear face mask and follow physical distancing
  • Remember, corona is not flu. It’s a lung disease. A majority of patients have fever, 3/4ths have cough, half breathlessness with low white blood cell count and deranged liver enzymes. A runny nose only shows in 4 % of the cases.
  •  Follow these simple instructions to safeguard yourself
  • Stay home, don’t venture out if you are not a part of emergency services
  • Work from home
  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Avoid contact with any sick individual
  • Touch your eyes, nose or mouth only after washing hands
  • Cover your mouth and nose if you sneeze or cough
  • Stay away from coronanxeity (anxiety of corona) as anxiety weakens the immune system
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