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Bladder Cancer -Symptoms, Types and Risk

Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancer it occurs in the tissues of the bladder, which is the organ in the body that holds urine. The bladder is a hollow, flexible pouch in your pelvis. its job is to pass urine from the two kidneys to your, Urine leaves the bladder through another tube called the urethra. You get bladder cancer when bladder cells become abnormal and grow out of control. Bladder cancer begins in the inside layer of the bladder and grows into the walls, becoming more difficult to treat.

Bladder cancer occurs in men more frequently than it does in women. It usually affects older adults, though it can happen at any age. The urethra is longer in men than women. However, even early-stage bladder cancer may recur in the bladder, because of this reason people with bladder cancer typically need proper follow-ups tests for years after the treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs to a high stage.

Types of Bladder Cancer:

There are three types of bladder cancers:

1. Transitional cell carcinoma- This type is the most common type of bladder cancer. It begins in the transitional cells in the inner layer of the bladder.

2. Squamous cell carcinoma – This is rare cancer. It begins when thin, flat squamous cells form in the bladder after a long-term infection.

3. Adenocarcinoma- Adenocarcinoma is also a rare cancer. It begins when glandular cells form in the bladder after long-term bladder irritation and inflammation.

What are the symptoms of Bladder cancer?

There are a number of symptoms that might indicate bladder cancer like weight loss, fatigue. Many people with bladder cancer can have blood in their urine but no pain while urinating. You should pay particular attention to the following symptoms:

1. Blood in urine

2. Painfull urination

3. Pelvic pain

4. Pain in lower back

5. Pain in the abdominal area

6. Urinary incontinence


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Bladder cancer Risk Factors:

If you have a bladder infection and that keeps coming back that causes your bladder to be irritated for long periods of time, you stand a better chance of getting bladder cancer. Bladder cancer develops when cells in the bladder begin to grow abnormally. These cells develop mutations that cause them to grow out of control and not die.


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Causes of Bladder Cancer Include:

1. Smoking is the greatest risk factor for bladder cancer. chemical in tobacco smoke are absorbed into the blood and then they pass through the kidneys and collect in the urine. This chemical can damage the inside of the bladder and increase the chances of getting cancer.

2. Working around harmful chemicals people working in industries like hairdressers, machinists, printers, painters may be exposed to harmful chemicals for a long period of time.

3. Gender Men are up to four times as likely as women to get bladder cancer.

4. Being older, since the majority of bladder cancers occur in people over the age of 55.

5. Taking certain diabetes medications If you’ve taken pioglitazone (Actos) for more than a year, you may stand a greater chance of getting bladder cancer.

6. Past radiation exposure.

7. Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals.

8. Having previous treatment with a chemotherapy drug called Cytoxan also previous radiation therapy to treat cancer in the pelvic area.

How is bladder cancer diagnosed?

If you have bladder cancer symptoms your doctor will examine you and ask you questions about your health; your lifestyle, including smoking and drinking habits; and your family medical history. Following tests may be used to find out you have cancer or not:

1. Blood urine test

2. CT scan

3. PET scan

4. Chest X-ray

5. CT urogram

6. IVP


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Bladder Cancer Staging

1. Stage 0- cancer hasn’t spread past the lining of the bladder.

2. Stage 1- cancer has spread past the lining of the bladder, but it hasn’t reached the layer of muscle in the bladder.

3. Stage 2- cancer has spread to the layer of muscle in the bladder.

4. Stage 3- cancer has spread into the tissues that surround the bladder

5. Stage 4- cancer has spread past the bladder to the neighboring areas of the body.

Preventions

Although there is no guaranteed way to prevent bladder cancer, follow these steps to help reduce your risk.

1. Don’t smoke If you smoke, talk to your doctor about a plan to help you stop. enroll yourself at Support groups, medications, and other methods may help you quit. avoiding second-hand cigarette smoke.

2. Take caution around chemicals.

3. Drinking plenty of water.

4. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables.


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Best Hospitals for Bladder Cancer in India

1. Dharamshila Narayana Super -specialty Hospital

First Cancer hospital in India to be accredited by NABH and NABL in 2008 and 2010 respectively. Excels in the treatment of Cancer with CliniMACS based TCR and depleted Haplo-identical (half-matched) Bone Marrow Transplantation carried out in specially designed BMT units.

First Cancer hospital in India to get certified for implementing integrated quality and environmental management systems.3 JCI and 14 NABH Accredited Facilities, 24 Hospitals & 7 Heart Centres Across India, Over 2 Million patients treated every year, Over 30 Medical Specialities.

2. BLK Super Speciality Hospital

BLK Super Speciality Hospital has a unique combination of the best in class technology, put to use by the best names in the professional circles to ensure world-class health care to all patients. Spread on five acres of land, with a capacity of 650 beds, BLK Super Speciality Hospital is one of the largest tertiary care private hospitals in the country, BLK has consistently ranked amongst the Top 10 Multi Super Specialty Hospitals in Delhi NCR. The outpatient services are spread on two floors with 80 consultation rooms. All ambulatory services have been designed with an intent to create dedicated aides for all specialties, with their interventional services in close vicinity.

3. Global Hospitals

Global Hospitals at Lower Parel, Mumbai is the latest addition to the geographical footprint of Gleneagles Global Hospitals India. The 450-bed facility comprises of 17-stories, housing state-of-the-art infrastructure and advanced medical care facilities. The hospital offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. It is equipped with a team of eminent medical professionals aided by qualified nurses and medical staff. India’s first Dual lobel Liver transplant, World’s first TB spine surgery and Liver transplant, India’s first combined liver and kidney transplant.

4. Fortis Hospital

IT is 300-bed multi-specialty tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical staff the Fortis Hospital at Mulund provides a patient-centric approach. It is the first hospital in India to launch Electronic ICU. It has the first NABH accredited Blood Bank in India and three times NABL accredited Pathology Labs.

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