India is a country famous for rich heritage with the ancient history still preserved in the architectural marvels across the country. There are innumerable sightseeing places and it is nearly impossible to see all of them. So, here are the top 5 historical places in India which are ranked among top 10 from history to present.
- Taj Mahal, Agra – Marble Symbol of Love
This is one of the first structures in the list and is popular all over the world. This marble marvel was constructed in love by the emperor Shah Jahan for his dearest wife Mumtaz which took over 20 years to build. Almost every visitor to India visits this white structure and a trip to India is incomplete without a visit to the Taj Mahal. A bitter legend has it that the emperor cut the hands of the talented workers after they built this marvelous opulent structure.
Timings: Sunrise to Sunset
Closed on: Fridays
- Agra Fort, UP
This magnificent palace dating back to the Mugahl era of 16th century was commissioned by Akbar is built in complete red sandstone. This famous historical site in India is closely situated among others such as Red Fort, Taj Mahal and has two gates Delhi Gate and Amar Singh Gate for visitors. Witness several major courtyards, passages and corridors, smaller palaces, mosques and gateways. This is prominent in the Bollywood movie called Jodha Akbar and makes mention in Sherlock Holmes case.
Timings: Sunrise to Sunset
- Amer Fort, Rajasthan
This massive defense fort city can only be approached by two ways – jeep ride and on top of an elephant! There are several smaller courtyards and palaces within this place to explore such as the Seesh Mahal meaning Palace of Mirrors, Diwan-e-Khaas and Diwan-e-Aam. It also has a lengthy secret tunnel pathway towards the famous Jaigarh Fort in Rajasthan. Constructed with marble and red sandstone, it is elevated on a high hill known as Cheel ka Teela full of eagles with a splendid view of Lake Maota that surrounds the fort city.
Timings: 9.30 am to 4.30 pm
- Hawa Mahal, Jaipur – Palace of Wind
This five story building of the ancient times was constructed especially for the ladies in the royal families to view the outside from their privacy. Earlier they would follow the ‘purduh’ system where women would not be seen outside.
Hence, the King built this summer vacation home in such architecture so that there would be constant breeze and air flow to be cool designed by Lal Chand Ustad. The attractive thing about this building is that it looks like a ‘bee hive’ to some and others believe it is built in the shape of the crown of Lord Krishna. Situated in the center of Jaipur so you can easily reach it but visit during months of September to February. Visit Jaipur by travelling through the India’as Palace on Wheels train which is the most famous luxury train in India.
- Ajanta & Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
This is one of the magnificent ancient caves situated along the Maharashtra coast with sculpted rock cut out carvings in the massive caves. It is believed that some of the 300+ caves of Ajanta and Ellora even date back to second century. As you walk along the caves situated in the sparse forests you can find the huge carvings on rock and murals depicting various scenes from the life and re-births of Buddha. This was also once a popular international trade route of Palace on Wheels train and is now one of the most popular tourist destinations to visit in India. You can reach the Ajanta caves by ferry or boat ride.
Timings: 8 am to 5 pm