As a pregnancy test comes positive, a woman sets on a life-altering journey. With the growth of the baby inside, a mother, too, witnesses changes through each stage of her pregnancy. She experiences physical and emotional changes, as well as a transformation in her lifestyle.
In this phase, planning is important to ensure good health of mothers-to-be. Besides, they must be aware of the potential hazards and the genetic factors that could affect the health of the baby or even themselves.
The best gynaecologists in Kolkata have laid down important tips that you should follow for a healthy pregnancy. Take a look:
1. Plan ahead
An expert gynaecologist from AMRI Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata, highlights that a woman should start taking care of her health before getting pregnant. You could start with by taking a Vitamin B to prevent neural tube defects, and a multivitamin having micrograms of folic acid.
Besides, a pre-conception checkup must be considered. You must also make the doctor review medication for a safe pregnancy. These can possibly include sexually transmitted infections, up to date immunizations, and treatment of infections or health problems. Moreover, a woman should keep away from smoking, drinking alcohol and using recreational drugs, when she plans to conceive.
It is important for pregnant women to stay active because it helps in reducing stress, controlling weight, improving circulation, and in sleeping better. The best gynaecologists in Kolkata advise to take pregnancy exercise classes, or a walk at least 15-20 minutes every day.
Other great activities for pregnant women include yoga, swimming, Pilates and walking in shaded areas among others. However, it is advised to consult the doctor before starting any exercise program.
3. Educate yourself
You could attend childbirth classes to get prepared for the delivery. It is a helpful way to learn about childbirth and infant care. Besides, expecting mothers get a chance to ask the questions to prepare for child birth.
Besides, this is a good way to review the medical history of the family. Here, you can report the doctor about any of the past incidences of birth defects. You can talk to the doctor regarding the problems in the past pregnancies, if any.
4. Eat well
Gynaecologists from the best hospitals in Kolkata remark that pregnancy is a phase when every calorie counts. Food rich in nutrients, including iron, protein and folate will help in the nourishment of both the mother and child. Besides, high-fiber foods will help in preventing the problem of constipation.
Drinking plenty of water is also crucial for supporting increased blood volume. For pregnant women, four to five mini-meals a day are a must to prevent heartburn and for keeping the blood-sugar levels steady. Caffeine consumption must be limited to 200 milligrams daily.
5. Watch your weight gain
Researches show that most women put on a lot of weight during pregnancy. According to the guidelines, women with normal weight can gain 11Kg to 16Kg during their pregnancy, whereas, underweight women can gain up to 40 pounds, and overweight women, 7Kg to 11Kg.
The best gynaecologists in Kolkata point out that there is a greater risk for overweight women during pregnancy. Some of the complications include, high blood pressure, gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.